RSS
 

Are LEDs Really a Suitable Replacement for 40W Incandescent Bulbs?

16 Sep

In consideration of whether or not LED light bulbs are truly a proper replacement for 40W incandescent bulbs, as major manufacturers claim, brightness is an important factor, as we have previously mentioned. What other standards must be met in order to make the transition to LED bulbs?

According to a relevant survey on brightness of LED light bulbs, major brands that lived up to replacement specifications include European company Philips, U.S. lighting giant GE, Japanese manufacturers Sharp and Toshiba, and Korean electronics maker LG. While these companies’ products meet brightness standards, do they also adhere to other standards necessary for incandescent light bulb replacement?

The research further analyzes light bulbs from major international LED makers that met brightness standards to replace 40W incandescent lamp.

Color Rendering Index

First, in terms of color rendering, the CRI of LED lighting is not as high as that of incandescent bulbs (CRI = 100). Both the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Korea’s Korean Industrial Standards (KS) have CRI standards for the replacement of incandescent bulbs with LEDs. The DOE requires a CRI of 80 or above, while the KS standard is 70 CRI or higher. While LED products from the major brands do not match incandescent bulbs in terms of CRI, they still meet various national standards. Uniquely, Sharp does not list CRI values for their products. While the research believes Sharp’s products have ratings of 70 CRI or above, it is somewhat disappointing that they do not explicitly label their products as such.

Beam Angle

Beam angle, or light distribution, is another important standard in LED lighting. Unlike CRI, product specifications vary quite a bit by manufacturers: beam angles begin at 120 degrees and range to more than double that, at 260 degrees. Looking at things from an incandescent lamp standpoint, most LED products are not up to par as the light distribution of incandescent bulbs is general and non-directional, with a beam angle of over 300 degrees. As LED light bulbs are inherently directional, a different standard is required for measuring LED beam angle.

At present the U.S. DOE and JELMA (Japan Electric Lamp Manufacturers Association) are both working on new standards for LED light bulbs replacing incandescent bulbs. Bulbs that meet current national standards include: GE’s 62180, Philips’ 90048400 PHI (250 degrees), and Toshiba’s LDA8L-G (260 degrees). These products are a cut above the rest due to their adherence to beam angle standards.

Cost-Performance Ratio

After sifting through various LED products, a few winners have emerged. However, the products that met required specifications for replacement of 40W incandescent bulbs also have accordingly high prices.

Taking a step back to look at the total economic benefit analysis, the lifespan of a single incandescent bulb is 1,000 hours. At 3 hours of use per day, one bulb will last one year (3 hours x 365 days ≈ 1,000 hours), with total expense at approximately US$5.50 (initial purchase price plus cost of electricity). All of the previously mentioned LED bulbs, while boasting low power consumption, have a higher initial purchase price than their incandescent lamp counterparts.

However, such an analysis is unfair to LED bulbs that each has a lifespan of 25,000 hours. Looking at it from a different angle, the lifespan of a single LED bulb is equal to that of twenty-five 40W incandescent bulbs. Thus, it is clear that whether we are looking at GE’s 9W 62180, Philips’ 8W 90048400 PHI, or Toshiba’s 7.7W LDA8L-G. Besides, the total expense (initial purchase price plus cost of electricity) for one LED bulb is approximately 40% ~50% lower than that of 25 40W incandescent bulbs (based on U.S. electricity rates).

Since electricity rates vary by country, total accumulated expense will vary as well. In countries with higher electric prices such as Japan, total expense for one LED bulb is only 30% or so less than that of 25 incandescent bulbs. In other words, once a consumer has bought four incandescent bulbs, their total cost has exceeded that the LED equivalent.

Summary

While many manufacturers claim that their LED light bulbs are suitable substitutes for 40W incandescent bulbs, in actuality there are few products that meet replacement standards. As for those that pass the test, although initial cost is much higher than incandescent lamp purchases, factoring in longer lifespan and higher efficiency, LED bulbs still come out on top in regards to cost-performance ratio.

Still, as LED light bulb inspection standards are not fully developed, LED product specifications are not yet uniform. Different LED manufacturers place emphasis on different product features, causing consumers much confusion in the purchase of LED lighting. The fog will only clear when governments set clear standards and LED makers automatically disclose full product information.

 

Tags:

  1. desire-lighting

    September 20, 2011 at 12:59 am

    Thinks,I now know!http://www.desire-lighting.com

     
  2. Marcel Zaccagnino

    November 13, 2011 at 2:05 am

    Hi there, just became aware of your weblog by way of Google, and identified that it’s really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

     
  3. Diedre

    December 7, 2011 at 5:21 am

    Some genuinely fascinating details you’ve got written. Assisted me a good deal, just what I was seeking for : D.

     
  4. Launa Grishaber

    March 21, 2012 at 11:46 am

    I usually do not leave many comments, but i did some searching and wound up here Are LEDs Really a Suitable Replacement for 40W Incandescent Bulbs? LED Lighting Blog. And I actually do have a couple of questions for you if you do not mind. Could it be just me or does it seem like a few of these comments come across like written by brain dead individuals? :-P And, if you are posting at additional sites, I would like to follow everything new you have to post. Would you make a list of the complete urls of all your social sites like your Facebook page, twitter feed, or linkedin profile?

     
  5. Okul öncesi - Anasınıfı türkçe dil etkinliği Bezelye Prenses Masalı Etkinlikleri

    April 26, 2012 at 8:47 pm

    Its like you learn my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, such as you wrote the guide in it or something. I think that you could do with some percent to power the message home a bit, but instead of that, this is great blog. An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.

     
  6. Oswaldo Stromme

    May 3, 2012 at 1:57 am

    Man! Really good column. These are ranked as the most lumen for the money Hydroponic Grow light units for indoor cultivation created.

     
  7. Avrat Salatası Yapılışı

    May 9, 2012 at 5:30 am

    Very nice style and design and fantastic content material, practically nothing else we want :D .

     
  8. dresses

    November 27, 2012 at 5:53 pm

    I guess, it comes down to 74122 simple choice!

     
  9. cheap class 10 memory card

    February 25, 2013 at 12:36 pm

    I’m really impressed with your writing skills {and

     
  10. Lilly Luni

    April 7, 2013 at 11:46 am

    Hi! I in the morning a college student performing research about green energy concerning home electricity utilize. Please assist if you take a 5 minute survey: http://bit.ly/10xvSJw The could be extremely helpful to bring attention to the significance of green energy in American homes. Thank you!

     
 
LED Blog